Ask Lambda Legal - Back to School: Which Bathroom?

I am a transgender boy, beginning my junior year at a new high school. I am not only anxious about starting classes and meeting new people, but also because I have heard that the school will not let me use the men’s bathroom or locker room. Although I really don’t want to make waves, I know that the law provides protection from this kind of discrimination. What are my options for dealing with the school?
Readjusting to a packed schedule, extracurricular activities and new friends can be a source of stress for anyone, but using the correct bathroom should not be.
Medical experts recognize that it is paramount to the well-being of transgender people to live in accordance with their gender identity in every aspect of their lives. Using the restroom is a core part of that experience, and federal law mandates that a school or workplace cannot bar you from using the bathroom that corresponds with your gender identity.
“Title IX protects all persons, including transgender students, from sex discrimination,” wrote representatives for the U.S. Departments of Education and Justice in a recent Statement of Interest filing in GG v. Gloucester County (Virginia) School Board. The statement reaffirmed that preventing a transgender male student from using the bathroom violated federal law. “Granting transgender students access to restrooms consistent with their gender identity will serve the public interest by ensuring that the district treats all students within its bounds with respect and dignity,” the agencies added.
Schools also cannot credibly claim that banning a transgender student from using the appropriate bathroom is meant to protect that student from harassment. As the two departments noted in their statement, transgender students are safest when they are not singled out by schools as different.
“Allowing transgender students to use the restrooms consistent with their gender identity will help prevent stigma that results in bullying and harassment and will ensure that the district fosters a safe and supporting learning environment for all students, a result that is unquestionably in the public interest,” the agencies said.
If you face difficulty when trying to use the bathroom, these tips from Lambda Legal’s Transgender Rights Toolkit can help:
1. Stay calm and explain to school authorities that you are using the restroom that matches your gender identity.
2. Seek support from a teacher, other adult or friend who will be on your side.
3. If the issue persists and you are still being denied access to the bathroom, you can file a complaint with the Department of Education Office for Civil Rights ( or with your local or state anti-discrimination agency.
4. `Let Lambda Legal know. Our Help Desk (toll-free at 866-542-8336 or takes calls from transgender and gender-nonconforming people who have experienced discrimination.

Denying a transgender person access to the gender-appropriate bathroom increases the dangers that transgender people face when using public facilities. Do not be afraid to stand up for yourself and educate others, or reach out to Lambda Legal if you need more help or support.

For more information, see our Transgender Rights Toolkit, “Equal Access to Public Restrooms” ( and our FAQ About Restrooms &

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